Dr. Shapur Bakhtiar
Dr. Bakhtiar was born in 1914 . After completing his primary schooling in
Iran he attended a secondary school in Beirut, following which he obtained his
PH.D in the field of political science from the Sorbonne in Paris.
As a firm opponent of all totalitarian rule, he volunteered for service with
the French Resistance and served in the "Orlean" battalion in WWII.
Dr. Bakhtiar returned to Iran in 1946 and entered the Ministry of Labour, in
Dr. Mossadegh's cabinet in 1951. Following the fall of the Mossadeq Government,
he remained a firm critic of the Shah's administration and was subsequently
imprisoned for a total of nearly six years and banned from leaving Iran for a
period of ten years.
Having been a leading member of the opposition to the late Shah for over
twenty five years on constitutional and democratic grounds, Dr. Bakhtiar
accepted the almost impossible task of forming a civilian government to replace
the existing military one in the closing days of December 1978. During the brief
period of 37 days when Dr. Bakhtiar was Prime Minister, he disbanded the much
hated SAVAK - the secret police, freed all political prisoners, allowed total
press freedom and began the process of establishing a modern democratic state in
Despite his opposition to the Shah, he predicted even worse consequences from
Khomeini's despotism and the mixing of state and religion. Dr. Bakhtiar was
tragically murdered by the agents of IRI along with Sorush Katibeh in 1991,
shortly after Dr.Borumand was gunned down at his home in Paris.